The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Canada was constituted in 1998 and operates under FSC International. FSC International is a non-profit membership-based organization founded in 1993 to support environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial, and economically viable management of the world's forests. It supports the development of national and regional standards to be used to evaluate whether a forest is being well-managed.
FSC International is governed by an elected Board with three chambers: Social, Economic and Environmental. In Canada, there is a fourth chamber dealing specifically with Indigenous Peoples issues. A range of organizations and individuals, with the exception of government organizations, are eligible to become FSC members. The FSC Secretariat determines their designation to a particular chamber.
Standards development committees or working groups, for which possible candidates are sought, are formed to prepare regional standards and recommended them for accreditation.